Дата публикации: 29.01.2019 21:23
Матеріали сесії групи
Всі завдання роботи виконуються письмово.
Викладач: доц. Пожидаєва Ірина Валентинівна
Модуль 1 Careers
1. Дайте письмові відповіді на запитання:
1. How ambitious are you?
2. Do you have a career plan? Where do you want to be in 10 years time?
3. Which of the following would you prefer to do?
-Work for one company during your career
- Work for several different companies
- Work for yourself.
2. Which of the following areas do you work in (or would you like to work in)? Why?
3. What should you do to get ahead in your career? Choose the four most important tips from the list below. Start your answer with: To be successful in the career you should …..
2. Vocabulary – Нова лексика
Зробити вправи письмово.
1. The phrases below all include the word career. Match them to their correct meanings. Translate your combination.
example, look after children
2. Complete these sentences with the verbs from the box. Use good dictionary to help you. Translate the sentences.
make take have decide offer
3. Read and translate the following text
Ten ways to improve your career
1. Make a list of your priorities and outline your tasks for the day. Write down your short- and long-term goals, evaluate your progress frequently and stay focused.
2. Are you really present? You may physically be at work, but are you there mentally?
3. Learn how to work through others. Delegating tasks is an important skill to master at any level.
4. Always look for opportunities to broaden your skills. For example, you can attend professional development seminars.
5. Socialize with colleagues. This will help you learn about what’s happening in other departments.
6. Create your own goals. Determine where you want to be professionally and what skills you need to reach this position.
7. Be comfortable with being uncomfortable. Accept challenges that force you to try something new.
8. Be clear about what you want. If you believe you deserve a promotion, ask for one.
9. Take time off and relax. Attending to your personal life and doing things that make you happy will help your performance at work.
10. Seek satisfaction. If you are disappointed by your current career, look for ways to transform your job into more of what you want.
If you follow this advice, you will significantly increase opportunities to earn more money, get promoted sooner and move ahead faster’, says Mr Lebovits, president and CEO of Ajilon Finance.
4. Watch the verbs (1 – 5) with the noun phrases (a – e) to form expressions from the article), translate them.
1 to reach a) a promotion
2 to get ahead b) a skill
3 to evaluate c) a goal
4 to deserve d) in one’s career
5 to master e) one’s progress
3. Language review – Граматичний матеріал
Modals: Ability, request and offer
Modal verbs are very common in English. Match these functions to the examples: making an offer, describing ability, making request:
Can you help me?
Could you repeat that, please?
He could speak four languages before he was ten.
Can I help you?
Would you like a drink?
I can speak French and Spanish
1. Rearrange the words in 1 to 9 to make questions from a job interview. Then decide whether each question is a) making a request, b) making an offer or c) asking about ability:
1. get you can I anything? Can I get you anything? (making an offer)
2. details contact your confirm I could?
3. can you software package use this?
4. speak languages any other you can?
5. about tell you job us your present more could?
6. tell your current salary me you could?
7. would you as soon as possible your decision let us know?
8. start you when can?
9. like coffee some more you would?
2. Match the questions in Exercise 1 with the interviewee’s answers below:
a) It’s 43 thousand.
b) Yes, I use it a lot in my current job.
c) I can let you know next week.
d) Thank you. A coffee, please
e) Yes, the address is the same, but my e-mail has changed.
f) I’d love some. Thank you.
g) Well, I’m currently responsible for European sales.
h) Yes, I can speak French and Spanish.
i) My notice period is two months.
3. Complete these sentences with the appropriate form (positive or negative) of can, could or would:
1. ….like to work overtime, even if the pay was very good.
2. ….speak any foreign languages when I was ten years old.
3. ….use a computer of course, but unfortunately I ….use spreadsheets. It’s something I really want to learn.
4. If possible, I ………….like to work regular hours.
5. Five years ago, I ………………speak English at all.
Модуль 2. Selling on-line
1. Дайте відповіді на запитання:
1. What do you or don’t you like about shopping? What are the advantages of shopping online?
2. Which of the below mentioned items have you bought online? Why?
3. Which of those items would you not buy online, and why? Give three reasons why some people prefer not to buy goods and services online.
books and magazines designer clothes CDs perfume holidays groceries jewellery travel/concert tickets
2. Read the article, using dictionary. Translate it.
Worry for retailers as web shopping clicks into place
For traditional stores, online shopping has become a cause for concern in a difficult retail environment. The Internet is accounting for more spending than ever. In addition, It also makes it easier for consumers to compare prices in across a far bigger selection of items than a trip to the high street.
Some bricks-and-roortar retailers are adopting a model of dual pricing in order to keep their position online while maintainig margins in their shops. Mr Gladding says dual pricing will become harder to practise as consumers become better at surfing the Internet, 'In the longer run, prices must come together,' he says.
2. Answer these questions about the article.
1. Give two reasons why online shopping makes the market extremely competitive?
2. Why are retailers who sell products both online and in shops in a difficult position?
3. Why is the practice of dual pricing only a short-term solution, according to Mr Gladding?
4. How can retailers make the best of both the online and offline world?
3. Language review – Граматичний матеріал
Modals: must, need to, have to, should
- We use should or shouldn’t to say than it is a good or bad idea to do something.
Online retailers should acknowledge all orders by e-mail.
Websites shouldn’t be too complicated.
- We use have to or need to to say that something is necessary or very important.
The site has to work quickly and effectively.
Online retailers need to offer guarantees to their customers.
- We use don’t have to or don’t need to if something is not necessary.
You don’t have to queue when you buy online.
If you buy now, you don’t need to pay anything until next year.
- Must is very similar to have to.
I really must try to spend less money online.
- But mustn’t is not the same as don’t have to. You use mustn’t to say that somebody is not allowed to do something.
You mustn’t use the Internet at work for personal purposes. (=Don’t use the Internet at work for personal purposes.)
4. Read these rules of an online book club. Then answer the questions:
2. Complete these sentences (1-8) with suitable endings (a-h). Translate them.
1.It’s getting late a) so we don’t need to order any more yet.
2.I can work from home b) so we must not make a mistake.
3.I’ve been transferred to Madrid c) so you must not forget to back up files.
4.This deal is too important to lose d) so you’ll have to stay and finish it.
5.We lost our database once before e) so I have to learn some Spanish.
6.I’m afraid this report is urgent f) so we have to go.
7.I think we’re all in agreement g) so I don’t have to go into the office much.
8.We’ve still got plenty of stock in the warehouse h) so we don’t need to discuss it any further.
Модуль 3. Companies
1. Vocabulary – Нова лексика
1.Complete the sentences below with words and phrases from the box. Translate the sentences.
share price workforce profit
1. The amount of money a company receives from sales in a particular period is called turnover.
2. The money a company makes after taking away its costs is its ………… .
3. A company which is more than 50% owned by a parent company is called a ……….. .
4. The employees in particular country or business are called the ………. .
5. The percentage of sales a company has in a particular market is its …………. .
6. The main building or location of a large organization is its ……….. .
7. The cost of a company’s shares is its ……… .
2.Complete the chart below with the information from the box.
Peugeot Benetton container ship operator American Express French
Japanese Italian drug and chemical maker drinks supplier
Make 8 sentences about the companies. For example:
Cisco Systems is an American IT company which supplies Internet equipment
Give examples of 3 Ukrainian companies.
2. Read the article 1 and 2. Translate them.
The main factor for the success of Toyota, the number-one company for customer service, is not only its customer focus, but also its products. Toyota provides the products that customers most want to buy, and designs models that meet people’s changing priorities. In particular, it has responded to the industry trend by providing smaller, more environmentally friendly cars, such as Prius, a hybrid car with both petrol and electric engines.
However, Toyota’s after-sales service too is very much appreciated. “They do everything to make clients satisfied,” says one respondent.
Toyota’s reward for its world-beating customer service is not just to be the world’s most profitable carmaker. It is on course to become the world’s biggest producer.
Three very different computer companies fill the second, third and fourth slots – Dell, IBM and Microsoft. IBM and Dell are nominated for being customer-focused, while Microsoft scored more highly on products.
2.Commitment to communities
Microsoft scores most highly in the eyes of chief executives for demonstrating commitment to, and investment in, communities.
Among the reasons they give are the work of the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, the company’s ‘respect for local community needs’ and the large sums it spends on sponsorship.
‘Bill Gates’ contributions to charity have dramatically changed the image of Microsoft,’ says one CEO.
Toyota, in second place, has ‘a commitment to train local suppliers and employees,’ says another respondent. Another says the autos company contributes to the protection of environment.
Third is Coca-Cola, which ‘provides a lot of employment’ and ‘adapts to the culture of every country’. BP and McDonald’s take fourth and fifth place, and GE comes sixth.
The next generation of respected companies, says one CEO, will be those that develop environmental technology and medical treatments for global use and that contribute to world peace and safety.
3. Language review – Граматичний матеріал
Present Simple and Present Continuous
We use the Present Simple to:
We use Present Continuous to:
Some verbs are almost always used in the Present Simple rather than the present continuous, for example like, want, know, need.
1.Complete these sentences with either the present simple or the present continuous form of the verbs in brackets.